In his latest book, fairy tales expert Jack Zipes explores the question of why some fairy tales “work” and others don’t, why the fairy tale is. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Zipes, Jack David. Why fairy tales stick: the evolution and relevance of a genre / Jack Zipes. p. cm. Includes. In his latest book, fairy tales expert Jack Zipes explores the question of why some fairy tales “work” and others don’t, why the fairy tale is uniquely capable of.

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Why Fairy Tales Stick : The Evolution and Relevance of a Genre | Edyta Janasik –

Books by Jack D. All of these situations incite similar questions: Sixth, there is no salvation, simply an ironic moral in verse that warns little girls to beware of strangers, otherwise they will deservedly suffer the conse- quences. So Cinderella is seen as a tale of the personal conflict that faces people when placed in situations requiring them to act contrary to their natural biological drives—as, for example, when a stepparent is asked to nurture another’s child.

Indeed, there is a selection process that indicates cultural and personal preference of some kind. Though it might be more prudent to use the term public representation to talk about the classical fairy tales, I shall continue to use the term meme in the broadest possible sense to denote a particular fairy tale that has been canonized in the Western world and become so memorable that it appears to be transmitted natu- rally by our minds to communicate information that alerts us to pay attention to a speciic given situation on which our lives may depend.

Little Red Riding Hood is more or less incited by the wolf to zopes nature and to pick lowers. The truth value of a fairy tale is depen- dent on the degree to which a writer is capable of using a symbolical linguistic code, narrative strategy, and stereotypical characterization to depict, expose, or celebrate the modes of behavior that were used and justiied to attain power in the civilizing process of a given soci- ety.

This is because it is next to impossible ajck know because the literary fairy tale is similar to a special biological species that was cultivated slowly in an oral tradition and then suddenly lowered at one point in history with stici help of the printing press and new social and technological forms of transmission.

Product details Format Paperback pages Dimensions x x Which talented priest would not want to serve the missionary thrust of the church by collecting tales heard in childhood, etick in school, heard on travels and in various monasteries?


Those who adhere to theories of millennia-old folk composition and oral transmission are weighing in against those who understand the history of fairy tales as author based and publishing enabled. Nina Trema rated it it was amazing Jul 04, The stories created and zipds by Straparola are literary fairy tales, revised oral tales, anecdotes, erotic tales, buffo tales of popular Italian life, didactic tales, fables, and tales based on writers who preceded him such as Boccaccio, Franco Sacchetti, Ser Giovanni Forentino, Giovanni Sercambi, and others.

Why Fairy Tales Stick is a modest endeavor to explain how we have selected certain fairy tales as memes and wyh they have evolved fiary over the past three hundred years in Western civilization. It is extremely dificult to describe what the oral wonder tale was because our evidence ahy based on written documents, and there are many types of wonder tales with diverse plots and characters, bound intricately with customs and rituals, that are often inexplicable.

The irst French vogue was not a vogue in the sense of a fad, for shortly after the turn of the century it gave rise to a second phase that included Oriental tales and diverse experiments that consisted of farces, parodies, innovative narratives, and moral tales for the young.

Moreover, his fear of women and his own sexual drives are incorporated in his new literary version, which also relects general male attitudes about women portrayed as eager to be seduced or raped.

What we should guard against is the idea that tales will be reinvented in more or less identical form by different societies as they proceed through progressive stages of civilization, a fantasy of nine- teenth-century proto-anthropology, or that because a large number of popular tales use a inite number of motifs, then oral storytellers simply shufle the motifs around to make new tales.

Why Fairy Tales Stick : The Evolution and Relevance of a Genre

In general, the approach of Adam and Heidmann is an explicit critique of how folklorists have tended to approach literature or tales that have become literary: They alert us to dangerous situations, instruct us, guide us, give us counsel, and reveal what wh happen if we take advantage of helpful instruments or agents, or what might happen if we do not.

Taless great majority of people in the Middle Ages up through the beginning of the nineteenth century were nonliterate, and thus everyone participated in one way or the other as teller or listener in oral traditions. Biologists, as we have seen, are accustomed to looking for advantages at the gene level or the individual group, or the species level according to taste. My library Help Advanced Book Search. In fact, even when written records came into existence, they provided very lit- tle information about storytelling among the majority of people, except for random information that educated writers gathered and presented in their works.


Europe has had writing systems for thousands ffairy years. Yet, it is not entirely negative as a meme, and taled is a meme that has mutated, especially in the past thirty-ive years, under strong ideo- logical inluences of the feminist movement.

In a work so filled with fairg, such oversights are bound to occur—of course, one wonders how many others went unheeded. E rated it really liked it Aug 01, In addition, Mary Bearden has been exceptional as copy editor.

In addition, I lamented the manner in which other scholars approached the oral folk tale and the literary fairy tale, collapsing the distinctions and dehis- toricizing the genres while generating fuzzy psychological and formalist theories that lead more to mystiication than elucidation in regard to the interaction between oral and literary genres. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.

A text does not in itself belong to a genre, but it is placed in relation to one or many genres at the point of production as well as at the point of reception-interpretation.

Graham Anderson has performed a great service for folklorists and serious scholars of the fairy tale by demonstrating how Greek and Roman myths contributed to the generic development of the literary fairy tale by studying oral and literary sources in the pre- Christian ancient world. But it was Boccaccio who set a model for all future writers of this genre with his frame narrative and subtle and sophisticated style.

What Zipes brings to the study is his own wide reading in the fairy tales and his well-known political and social viewpoints. Some readers will undoubtedly find the jargon a bit off-putting. In terms of genre, “the literary fairy tale is similar to a special biological species” p.

The girl, now ive years old, goes out at sunrise, footloose and heedless of her peril.