HANNAH ARENDT AS ORIGENS DO TOTALITARISMO PDF
application/pdf). Expand view. Hannah Arendt, Origens do totalitarismo, trans. Roberto, Raposo Sao Paulo: Companhia das Letras, Title, As origens do totalitarismo: Totalitarismo, o paroxismo do poder, Volume 3. Author, Hannah Arendt. Published, Export Citation, BiBTeX EndNote. As Origens do Totalitarismo de Hannah Arendt. 7 likes. Book.
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The Origins of Totalitarianism is a book by Hannah Arendtwherein she describes and analyzes Nazism and Stalinismthe major totalitarian political movements of the first half of the 20th century. The book is regularly listed as one of the best non-fiction books of the 20th century.
File:Arendt Hannah Origens do totalitarismo pdf – Monoskop
The book has three sections: Antisemitism, Imperialism, and Totalitarianism. Arendt begins the book with an analysis of the rise of antisemitism in Europe, particularly focusing on the Dreyfus affair.
Arendt traces the roots of modern imperialism to the accumulation of excess capital in European nation-states during the 19th century. This capital required overseas investments outside of Europe to be productive and political control had to be expanded overseas to protect the investments.
She then examines “continental imperialism” pan-Germanism and pan-Slavism and the emergence of “movements” substituting themselves to the political parties. These movements are hostile to the state and antiparliamentarist and gradually institutionalize anti-Semitism and other kinds of racism.
Arendt concludes that while Italian Fascism was a nationalist authoritarian movement, Nazism and Stalinism were totalitarian movements that sought to eliminate all restraints upon the power of the movement.
The book’s final section is devoted to describing the mechanics of totalitarian movements, focusing on Nazi Germany and aremdt Soviet Union. Here, Arendt discusses the transformation of classes into masses, the role of propaganda in dealing with the non-totalitarian world, and the use of terror, essential to this form of government.
Totalitarian movements are fundamentally totaljtarismo from autocratic regimes, says Arendt, insofar as autocratic regimes seek only to gain absolute political power and to outlaw opposition, while totalitarian regimes seek to dominate every aspect of everyone’s life as a prelude to world domination.
Intellectual, spiritual, and artistic initiative is as dangerous to totalitarianism as the gangster initiative of the mob, and both are more dangerous than mere political opposition. The consistent persecution of every higher form of intellectual activity by the new mass leaders springs from more than their natural resentment against everything they cannot understand. Total domination does not allow for free initiative in any field of life, for any activity that is not entirely predictable.
Totalitarianism in power invariably replaces all first-rate talents, regardless of their sympathies, with those crackpots and fools whose lack of intelligence and creativity hhannah still the best guarantee of their loyalty. Arendt discusses the use of front organizations, fake governmental agencies, and esoteric doctrines as a means of concealing the radical nature of totalitairsmo aims from the non-totalitarian world. A final section added to the second edition of the book in suggests that individual isolation and loneliness are preconditions for totalitarian domination.
Arendt Hannah Origens Do Totalitarismo 1989
This commentary on Marxism has indicated concerns with the limits of totalitarian perspectives often associated with Marx’s apparent over-estimation of the emancipatory potential of the forces of production.
Habermas extends this critique in his writings on functional reductionism in the life-world in his Lifeworld and System: A Critique of Functionalist Reason. I do not believe in such an autonomy. Precisely for this reason, the laws governing haannah economic system are haannah longer identical to the ones Marx analyzed.
Of course, this does not mean that it would be wrong to analyze the mechanism which drives the economic system; but in order for the orthodox version of such an analysis to be valid, the influence of the political system would have to be ignored. Le Monde placed the book among the best books of any kind of the 20th century, while the National Review ranked it 15 on its list of the best non-fiction books of the century. The book has also attracted criticism. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The Origins of Totalitarianism The edition.