Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior. (a) Egg and (b) egg strings of Enteroctopus megalocyathus. .. Hatchling chromatophore numbers of Enteroctopus megalocyathus (n = 27) in. PDF | Advances in controlled cultivation of Patagonian red octopus Enteroctopus megalocyathus (Gould ) have fostered biological.

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Along the arms the chromatophores are arranged in a linear fashion. The enteroctopis side was densely covered 11 across except for the mid-region, which was more sparsely covered more evident in fixed specimens than in fresh ones Fig. It has been suggested that the planktonic megalocyathuss of life at the juvenile phase is a common ancestral feature that has evolved into a holobenthic mode of life in Octopodidae Boletzky, Cephalopod life cycles, Volume II: In other words, Central and South America.

The proximal and medial zones of the intestine show longitudinal folds protruding into the lumen. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. This behaviour was very frequently observed, and it lasted for long periods, up to several hours.

The average lifespan of this enterroctopus in the wild is similar to that of Enteroctopus dofleinigiant Pacific octopus, that live 3 to 5 years. It is a simple branched tubular gland consisting of lobes invested by loose connective tissue which emits thin trabeculae surrounding each secretory unit Figure 4d.

Enteroctopus – Wikipedia

Southern red octopuses are motile and solitary creatures that spend most of their time in their dens and only leave to avoid predation, hunt for food, or mate. These cells decrease in number towards the terminal zone of tubules. Looking at the microscopic images of the basal cells, we can say that they do not reach the lumen of the organ, so it is not probable to have an absorptive role.


Only 17 hatchlings arrived alive in the laboratory and were transferred to L aerated seawater glass aquaria at Digestive absorption in Octopus vulgaris Cephalopoda: Male sperm storage also occurs, as sperm are retained in the male epididymes in mammals for a period that can, in some cases, extend over several weeks or more, but here we use the term to refer only to sperm storage by females.

The breeding season takes place from late summer through late winter.

It contributes to the process producing neutral and slightly acid mucus. Eggs were measured with a Vernier caliper and characterized by their EL, egg width EW and chorion stalk length. Each arm has numerous suckers to that occur in two rows, arms also have enlarged suckers closer to the mantle.

Towards the terminal zone, near to the connection with the crop, the epithelium turns into pseudostratified. The eggs have posterior string that is connected to many other eggs from the same clutch.

Common Banded Littorina sitkana. Both stains show that the secretion of mucous cells consists mainly of neutral and acidic proteoglycans. Using their arms, octopuses attack prey and brings it close to their beaks to penetrate the prey’s shell. The digestive gland “liver” is an interesting organ related to the digestion process supplying most of enteroctpus digestive enzymes.



Hematoxylin and eosin stain and histochemical techniques show that cuticle of the oesophagus, crop and stomach is constituted by mehalocyathus secreted by the epithelial mucosa. In all the secondary folds in a subterminal position Figure 3a basophilic cylindrical cells are present. Boucher-Rodoni indicated that cells of the “pancreas” of E. The most conspicuous organ of the digestive tract is the digestive gland Figure 1with the appendages of megalocyzthus digestive gland enclosed at its distal end.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the Untied Nations. Citing articles via Web of Science The mantle was spotted with oval to round tegumental chromatophores.

Enteroctopus megalocyathus – Wikipedia

The strings were attached by thin threads hanging from the top of the container in order to keep the eggs away from the bottom and to maximize oxygen uptake.

We did not see any cytoplasm differentiation. In the anterior part, the wall is covered by a simple epithelium whose cells vary from cuboidal to cylindrical.

Measurements of different structures were done by means of an ocular scale calibrated for X60 and X, in five slices of every slide from the same organ of the three animals. Southern red octopuses are a seasonally breeding species.

Additionally, Diekmann et al. Even more, siblings reared under identical conditions still display a wide size range Pecl et al.