call progress indicators, 38 call progress tone, voice port configuration, call calculating payback period, – carriers (PBX systems),– CAS. Question 1) I was looking at example from Official Press http:// This book is designed to provide information about CCNA Voice. Every effort . author to produce a lab book for the CCNA Voice certification. I owe her even.

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The composite exam consisted of questions and 90 minutes to complete them all. So fast forward two years to and exam There were very cna changes in syntax and commands from a CCNA level perspective between ISDN — Remember the days of thinking how fast two 56kbps modems basically bundled together were?

Got to conserve those IPs! So if vice take your time and really absorb and learn the CCNA objectives, it will be something you will be able to use for a long, long time in your computer networking career. Security Device Manager SDM — Which was a grapical interface to configure your router so you did not have to learn the command line.

Cisco Router and Cisco Switch Why did they update the router and switch platform? If you do not understand this, you will not pass the exam. Cisco actually called this the CCNA 2. In the two exam format, there are 60 minutes in length each instead of 90 minutes for the single, composite exam.

Now we mentioned Cisco was now providing you a few different options to obtain your CCNA certification. Then in late we had some significant changes and the exam was introduced. Security — Cisco starts to introduce the concept of Security as hacking is becoming more of a corporate concern.

Well, at least in theory.

CCNA Voice Certification | ICOMM 8

So you can see how much they have dropped in price over the years. Troubleshooting — To marry up with the CCNP revisions that will be introduced about a year later, Cisco starts to introduce the concept of knowing how to troubleshoot a device and not just set it up. This was a single exam and the exam number was I have no idea why so many other articles state the first exam was We will see that evolve later.


We will touch on this more in a bit. The first way was the tradition single exam which is now called the composite exam. Something else I find significant is that Cisco started to tweak the objectives of the exam during the course of this exam number and accordingly changed the questions that were in the exam pool.

Really there was very little change to the exam except I am pretty sure this is where they removed AppleTalk and Token Ring from the exam and made the announcement of IOS It is significant to note that there were initially no changes to the exam objectives. However, this left a glaring hole for those who wanted to break into the new and exciting world of computer networking. They also decreased the number of questions on the exam from 60 to 70 to 55 to 65 questions per exam.

Static Routing — Still a base concept you must understand to be a successful network engineer. Four years later in October we see the update of the exam to the revision. Due to the simulation questions, Cisco increased the time allocated for the exam from 75 minutes to 90 minutes.

So Cisco included simulation questions in which you had to actually configure interfaces at the CLI as these types of questions are a lot harder to memorize. So what was added?

As these certifications were introduced, it seems we seen that there was less focus on seeing these concepts on the CCNA exam as they seemed to be phased out during the exam run. Finally to and the new CCNA exam. About a year later inCisco saw the need to really break out different disciplines 460–461 their CCNA track. You would receive this certification when you passed your ICND1 exam.

History of the CCNA Certification

First we will look at the items that were on the initial exam and that still reside on the current exam so you can see the core has not changed that much. But what changed was Cisco was trying to eliminate the brain dump sites that were starting to pop up. Ovice helped to keep the question pool fresh. These simulations were based on the Cisco series voife routers and the series of switches. Some of the fringe technologies change here and there, but nothing earth shattering.


Cisco Switch Wireless — This is just being touched on the very basics in this revision of the exam.

Honestly at this time, most people in the computer networking space simply overlooked this certification as being irrelevant at the time. Switch Security — Again, as security is concern, Cisco starts to hammer this home on the exam.

History of the CCNA Certification –

ATM — An older fixed 53 byte cell technology using virtual circuits. You may note how they incremented from the previous, numbering system and jumped up to signifying a revamped exam. It never really took off and it was removed about 2 years later while still the exam. History of the CCNA Certification Given that you are about to take on the challenge of obtaining your Cisco CCNA certification, you probably should know a little about the history of how it came about and how it evolved.

As before, we will first note what was removed from the exam which was formally SDM, Wireless, and Security as mentioned above. Cisco Switch The reason we are covering what was on the initial exam to the current day exam is so you can see that the core of the CCNA exam has been relatively unchanged in 15 years! Binary-Hex-Decimal Conversions — Although you still need to know binary to decimal conversions to be proficient in subnetting, the hexidecimal conversions were dropped.